solar system

2002 AW197

The discovery of the Kuiper belt object 2002 AW197 by Trujillo and Brown in January 2002 was announced in MPEC 2002-O30.


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2002 AW197

2002 AW197

2002 AW197 Statistics

Discovered by Michael E. Brown, Eleanor F. Helin, Michael Hicks, Kenneth J. Lawrence, Steven H. Pravdo, Chad Trujillo Discovery date January 10, 2002 Designations
MPC designation (55565) 2002 AW197
Alternate name none
Minor planet category TNO (cubewano)

Physical characteristics

Dimensions; 1,200.1,600 km 1,600 km
Dimensions 734+116?108 km[2]
700±50 km[3]
Mass ?4.1 × 1020? kg[4] Mean density 2.0? g/cm³
Equatorial surface gravity 0.2216? m/s²
Escape velocity 0.4192? km/s Sidereal rotation
period ? d
Albedo 0.117+.04?.03[2]
0.17±0.03[3]
Temperature ~39–40 K
Spectral type ?
Apparent magnitude 20.0 (opposition)[5][6]
Absolute magnitude (H) 3.27[7]

The discovery of the Kuiper belt object 2002 AW197 by Trujillo and Brown in January 2002 was announced in MPEC 2002-O30. We measured the diameter and albedo of this object by combining measurements of its reflected light and thermal emission. Photometric observations were performed at the Palomar 60-inch telescope and showed that the object has no detectable lightcurve (Trujillo and Brown, in prep.). Thermal emission observations at 1.2 mm wavelength were made using the Max-Planck Millimeter Bolometer (MAMBO) at the IRAM 30 m telescope on Pico Veleta (Spain). Pointing and ephemeris uncertainties were much less than the 10.6 arcsec beamwidth, and the weather conditions were good with zenith opacities less than ~0.2. Average sensitivity was 30 mJy s1/2, and the KBO was clearly detected with a statistical significance of ~4 sigmas. Our estimate for the diameter of the KBO is 886+115}{-131 km, which makes it slightly smaller than the largest main-belt asteroid 1 Ceres ( ~950 km). The red geometric albedo is estimated to be 0.101+0.038}{-0.022, more than twice the 4% value traditionally assumed for KBOs.

Image Of 2002 AW197

2002 AW197

This is probably the first image obtained by astronomers amateurs of such a remote body of the solar system.

Kuiper belt objects may display a wide variety of albedos, as their surfaces likely endure a combination of processes including radiation mantling and impact resurfacing. The values reported for 20000 Varuna are a diameter of 900+129}{-145 km and an albedo of 0.070+0.030}{-0.017 [1]. We note that both objects have relatively high inclinations ( ~ 20 degrees). Trujillo and Brown [2] reported a correlation between the inclination and color in the classical Kuiper belt, which possibly emphasizes the role of collisions in altering KBO surfaces.

The joined images show the asteroid (55565) 2002 AW197 (located by a circle). They were carried out the 22, April 24 and 27 2003 worms 0h YOU. North is in top and is on the left. From the 22 to April 27, 2002 AW197 have an almost constant right ascension, and move in variation of 29"towards north.

This asteroid, which was discovered with the Palomar Mount on January 10, 2002, is with the magnitude 20,2 and is located at more than 47 Astronomical Unités of the Sun (whereas Neptune and Pluton are only to 30 UA)

Planetary Orbit Of 2002 AW197

2002 AW197

Orbital characteristics

Epoch: December 31, 2006 (JD 2 454 100.5)
Aphelion: 8 003.964 Gm (53.503 AU)
Perihelion: 6 143.329 Gm (41.066 AU)
Semi-major: axis 7 073.647 Gm (47.284 AU)
Eccentricity: 0.132
Orbital period: 118 761.410 d (325.15 a)
Average orbital speed: 4.31 km/s
Mean anomaly: 281.945°
Inclination: 24.410°
Longitude of ascending node: 297.513°
Argument of perihelion: 295.307°

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